When people think of Persian rugs they tend to think of the antique-type rugs known for being firm and decorative in nature. But in fact, Qum rugs are actually more modern than that. They have been around for a hundred years or so but are very popular with customers especially those in the Western world. Persian Qum rugs are an amazing addition to any interior both in homes or to be added to a private collection.
Looking at where Persian Qum rugs come from
Qum rugs are also known as Ghum rugs, Qom rugs and Ghom rugs. Qum is a holy city in Iran found south of Tehran by about 100km. The Qom province produces some of the best Oriental rugs in modern times though it is not a traditional center for crafting rugs. Rugs from there can compete with the best rugs you find in today’s market with extremely fine weaving up to 1200 KPSI . The early examples of such rug making can be seen in the city in the early 1930s. They are woven by hand mostly in family workshops. They are high quality, rich, and strong and while they are not as old as other types of Persian rugs they are still highly desirable.
How they are woven
Their creation is the distinctive and desirable things about them. These rugs are hand-woven using thin threads of silk so that the weavers can create even the finest of details. Such things are measured by knots per square inch or KPSI and an average Qum rug is around 500 KPSI though you can find it even higher up to 1200! It is intricate and exceptional and the higher the knot count the higher the quality of the rug.
Qum patterns and designs
Persian Qum rugs are highly decorative and feature vine patterns, pictorial scenes, floral motifs, landscapes, historical events and more. They also often take on the patterns and appearance of older antique Persian rugs. Often people treat them more like a tapestry rather than a rug and hang them from a wall.
Colors and material composition
A Qum rug is made from one of two materials, refined wool and high-quality silks. Many have more than one layer of silk and they include jewel tones often such as blue, red and ivory.
What sizes to expect
These rugs take a long time to weave by hand, especially the higher the knot count so they tend to be smaller rugs. Sometimes you can them larger but is are rare. Persian Qum rugs on average are 7 by 10 feet, larger options are 10 by 15 feet, and less often you can get a bit more.
You can elevate your home or any property with a Qum rug hanging on your wall or lying somewhere it can be enjoyed as the piece of art and skilled craftsmanship it is. Remember to look for higher knots per square inch if you want to get a better quality option though you will see a higher price for such rugs.